There are two variants:
You can negate the container by selecting "which do not contain". The predicate filter setting must then be set to "equal".
Example: Negating a container
It is also possible to change the predicate of the filter setting to "not equal". The setting of the container has to be set to "which contain".
Example: Negating a filter
The result is the same for both filter variants.
Note: Negating the container is not possible in Auto-Scope.
For more detailed use cases, please read the corresponding training chapter User Interface 1.3 – Segmentation and Filter Options at 2.6 Negating Containers and Filters.